Jorhat Information

Jorhat is the gateway of upper Assam and an important tea centre of this region.  This place also serves as a stopover for tourists, who want to visit the Majuli Island of Assam the largest river island in world.  Jorhat also has a rich cultural heritage. It Is known for being an important centre for the Assames, Vaishnava Culture.

Location

The city of Jodhat is located 314 kilometeres from Guwahati along the National Highway No-37 (NH-37).  It is a good link between lower Assam and upper Assam as North Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland.  It is the best base of for tourist exploring upper Assam.

History

Jorhat, also known as 'Jorehaut', meant two hats or mandis 'Macharhat' and 'Chowkihat' which existed on te two different banks of the river, Bhogdoi during the 18th century.  Jorhat was the last capital of the Ahom Kingdom.  In the year 1794, the Ahom King, Gaurinath shifted the capital from Sibsagar and Rangpur to Jorhat.  This town was a flourishing and commercial metropolis but completely destroyed after a flourishing and commercial metropolis but completely destroyed after a series of the Burmese Invasions since 1817 till the arrival of the British force in the year 1824 under the stewardship of David Scott and Captain Richard.

Jorhat Tourism Information

Kaziranga National Park

This 430 sq. km. National Park is teeming with wildlife including wild elephants, tigers, water buffaloes, swampdeer, gaur, wild boar, Hoolock Gibbon and most importantly, the Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros.  It is also home to over 300 species of birds including the rare Bengal Pelican.  It is about an hour's drive from Thengal.

Nambar Forest Reserve

The Nambar Forest Reserve, famous for its rejuvenating hot spring, is just 30km from Jorhat.

Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary

The Kaziraga National Park covers an area of approximately 430-sqkm with its swamps and all thickets of elephant grass making it the ideal habitat for the Indian one-horned rhino.  Due to limitless poaching of this prehistoric survivor, the Kaziranga National Park was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1940.
Besides the great one-horned Indian Rhino, the other major wild attractions include a large population of Indian Elephants, Indian Bison, Swamp Deer or Barasingha, Hog Deer, Sloth Bears, Tigers, Leopard Cats, Jungle Cats, Otters, Capped Langurs, etc.

Majuli

Majuli is the largest fresh water mid-river deltoid island in the world.  It is situated in the upper reaches of the river, Brahmaputra.  This island, with a population of 1.6 lakhs, majority being tribal, is endowed with rich heritage and has been the abode of the neo-vashnavite culture.  The island is a bio-diversity hotspot and has rich ecology with rare species of flora and fauna.