The state of Jharkhand existed and was distinct in its identity from ancient times. Raja singh Deo of Orissa was accepted as the ruler of Jharkhand by its people in the 13th century. The local tribal heads had developed into barbaric dictators and so the people of this state approached the more powerful rulers of the neighbouring state hope to be ruled more justify. This became the turning point in the history of the region.
The Jharkhand was known as kukara during the Mughal period. It came under the control of the British Empire after the year 1765 and formally known under its present title Jharkhand (ie) the land of Jungle and Jharis or bushes.
Bokaro steel Plant
The Bokaro steel plant in Jharkhand is the largest steel mill in Asia. It is the part of Bokaro steel city, one of the most important industrial cities in India. The city is well planned and famous for its excellent educational system.
The adiviasis of Jharkhand began what would become a series of repeated revolts against british colonial rule. When India became independent. Jharkhand was a part of Bihar.
The Jharkhand Muktimorcha started a movement for a separate state which caught the interest of a large section of the people of this area and eventually emerged into a political agitation. In august 2000 the parliament of India passed the Bihar Reorganization Bill which carved 18 districts out of Bihar to form Jharkhand became the 28th state of India.
Almost one third of Jharkhand is covered by forests. Most of the forests of Jharkhand were privately owned until the Zamindari system was abolished under the Bihar land forms act, 1950. These evergreen forests abound with wildlife sanctuaries lakes and waterfalls. They are also a source of many forest products that are of great economic value to the state. Jharkhand is also blessed with natural resources such as copper, coal, iron, manganese, mica, chromites and bauxite. Although Jharkhand is endowed with vast and rich natural resources, mainly minerals and forests, 80 percent of its population depends mainly on agriculture and allied activities for a diving.
Jharkhand General Information
The capital of this state is Ranchi.
It has 22 districts.
The principal languages spoken by this people are Hindi.
Ancient Asian koel is this state Bird.
Indian Elephant is this state animal.
Parrot tree is this state flower.
The ganges, the Damodar, the Mayurakshi, the Barakar, the koel, the sankth, the sone, the Auranga, the Kharkaim, the swarnarekha, the Gumani and the Batane are the rivers that nourish this land. The Jharkhand region is mostly covered by the Chota Nagpur plateau and Parasanth Hill at a height of 1365.5 metres. It is the highest peak of the state. This is a major Jain pilgrimage centre.
The culture of Jharkhand has been shaped by the tribal communities that abound in this region. The oldest cave paintings in India are believed to have been the work of a Jharkhand gather to celebrate a special occasion, the music and dance are a reflection of the rhythm of their live. Many types lf percussion instruments are popular, especially the Nagara. Dance forms echo the warrior like movements of battles fought long ago. Some of the most famous dances of this region are the paika and the chhau. The different crafts of Jharkhand, which form an important part of the people’s live, culture and festivals. It includes wood crafts, bamboo crafts, paitkar paintings and metal works.