Haryana India Information

Haryana is a cradle of India culture and civilization.  It was here 5,000 long year ago that Lord Krishna preached the gospel of duty to Arjuna. The region has been the scene of many a was because of its being a gate way to North India.
As year rolled by, successive streams of the Huns, the Turks and Tughlaqs invaded India and decisive battles were fought on this land.  Timur led an army through this area to Delhi at the end of the 14th century.  Later, the Mughals defeated the Lodhis in the Historical battle of panipat in the year 1526.  To wards the middle of the 18th century the Marathas had established their sway over Haryana.  The area was ended to the British in 1803.  In 1832, it was transferred to the North Western Provinces in 1858.  Haryana became a part of Punjab remaining as such after the partition of India in1947.

The demand for Haryana as a separate state however was raised even before India’s independence in 1947.  Haryana became India’s 17th state on 1st November 1966.   Haryana was carved out of the mostly Hindi speaking eastern portion of Punjab while the mostly Punjabi speaking western portion remained as current day of Punjab.  The city of Chandigarh was made a Union territory to serve as capital of both these states.

Haryana is a small state bounded by Uttar Pradesh in the east, Punjab in the west, Himachal Pradesh in the north and Rajasthan in the South.  Most of Haryana is in the Plains with the Aravalli mountain range starting its west ward journey from here.  In addition to the shivalik hills, the dry irregular Aravalli Hills and the Gaggar Yamuna plains, parts of Haryana are made up of a semi desert sandy plain that borders Rajasthan.

Haryana General Information

Capital
The capital of Haryana is Chandigarh.
Districts
There are 20 districts in this state.
Principal languages
The languages spoken by the people are Hindi.
 State Bird
Black francolin is this state’s bird.
State Animal
Black Buck is this state’s animal.
State flower
Lotus is this state’s flower.

The Yamuna is the only major river that passes through this small state which is one of the greens in the country.
The ancient river saraswati was thought to have flows through Haryana.  But is has now disappeared.  The River Ghaggar is its main seasonal river.  It rises up in the outer Himalayas between the Yamuna and the Sutlej then enters Haryana.