Chhattisgarh was called as Dakshinkosala in ancient times. According to mythology, Ram stayed in Dakshin Kosala during his exile. Later, Chhattisgarh remained a part of every empire that ruled the country right from the days of the great Magadha Empire. The English recognized the mineral wealth of the land and established a vast network of mines and railway track throughout the area. This marked the beginning of a new phase in the region’s history. In recent times, the state of Chhattisgarh has been carved out of Madhya Pradesh to become the 26th state of the Indian union on November 1st 2000.
Chhattisgarh has been called as a land of opportunity because the state has immense mineral and forest resources. Substantial deposits of lime stone, iron ore, copper-ore, rock phosphate, manganese ore, bauxite, coal, asbestos and mica exist in the newly formed state. The availability of coal has helped the state to become a major producer of power. An abundance of iron-ore deposits have helped the setting up of a large number of iron and steel industries. Another big source of income for the state is forest. It’s revenue for 12% of India’s forests are in Chhattisgarh. Agriculturally, it is a very fertile area. The soil and climate here are suitable for rice, which is grown here in large quantities. Chhattisgarh supplies food grain to almost 600 rice mills. Twenty eight varieties of minerals in major area and diamonds are also found here.
Chhattisgarh General Information
The capital of Chhattisgarh is Raipur.
There are 18 districts in this state.
The languages spoken by the people are Hindi and Chhattisgarhi.
Hill Myna is this state’s bird.
Wild Buffalo is this state’s animal.
The Chitrakot waterfalls are located in the Bastar district of Chhattisgarh on the Indravati river. It is about 29 meters high. The Breadth varies as the water level in the river goes down during summer. Most of the area that surrounds the falls is forest.
Chhattisgarh boasts of a cultural heritage rich with vibrant dances, melodious music, magnificent arts and colourful fairs and festivals. The majority of the state population belong to the tribal communities.
The tribal people love to adorn themselves with ornaments made from cowries, beads, shells bones and feather apart from the tribal’s, many people of Chhattisgarh actually belong to the neighbouring states.
Chhattisgarh is undoubtedly a reservoir of talent. Since ages, dance and performing arts have been practiced here. While Raut Nacha is the folk dance of cow herds, panthi karma and soowa dance forms are popular all over the state. Music forms an inseparable part of the state’s culture. The rich traditional folk songs are famous include sohar, bihav and pathoni. The arts and crafts of Chhattisgarh are truly amazing. Wood carvings, bamboo work and furniture bell metal handicrafts, figures of terracotta, tribal jewellery paintings and clay pieces are some of the specialities from the state.